Francesca, Piero della

(c. 1406-1492)
   Italian painter born in Borgo San Sepolcro in the Tuscan region to a family of leather merchants. Piero della Francesca was not only an artist but also a mathematician, geometrician, and theorist. He authored two treatises, one on perspective and painting and the other on geometry. The details of his training as painter are not completely clear, though it is possible that he studied with Domenico Veneziano whom he assisted on the nowlost frescoes in the Church of Sant' Egidio, Florence.
   Piero's earliest work is the Misericordia Altarpiece (beg. 1445; San Sepolcro, Museo Civico), commissioned by the Confraternity of the Misericordia of San Sepolcro. The contract for the work stipulated that it had to be executed by Piero himself within three years. Piero ignored the stipulations and the work was completed by his assistants a decade later. He painted the Baptism of Christ in the London National Gallery (c. 1450) for the Chapel of San Giovanni in the Pieve of San Sepolcro, and the Resurrection (c. 1458), now in the San Sepolcro Museo Civico, was originally intended for the San Sepolcro Town Hall. Piero's most extensive commission is the Legend of the True Cross in the Cappella Maggiore at the Church of San Francesco in Arezzo (c. 1454-1458), a complex cycle he painted for the Bacci family based on Jacobus da Voragine's Golden Legend. Piero also worked in Rimini for Sigismondo Malatesta, painting his patron's portrait (Paris, Louvre) and frescoes in the Tempio Malatestiano in 1451. In the earlier years of the 1470s, he was in Urbino working for Duke Federico da Montefeltro. There he rendered the portraits of the duke and his wife, Battista Sforza (1472), inspired by ancient Roman coinage.
   Piero conceived his figures and objects in geometric terms. He used cylinders for limbs, spheres for faces and eyes, and circles, triangles, squares, and rectangles for architecture. His simplified approach was greatly admired by the Cubists of the 20th century who employed a similar approach to the construction of their compositional elements. Like Domenico Veneziano, Piero used light instead of line to describe his forms. The vivid palette he employed, composed mostly of pastel colors, is also borrowed from his master.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Francesca,Piero della — Fran·ce·sca (frăn chĕsʹkə, frän ), Piero della. See Piero della Francesca. * * * …   Universalium

  • Francesca, Piero della — ► (1416 92) Pintor italiano, llamado también Piero di Benedetto da Borgo San Sepolcro. Muy importante es la serie de frescos que pintó para la iglesia de San Francisco, en Arezzo, que representan escenas bíblicas o históricas como La muerte de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • FRANCESCA, PISTRO DELLA —    an Italian painter, sometimes called Piero Borghese after his native place; did fresco work in Florence and at Loretto; painted pictures for the Duke of Rimini, notably The Flagellation ; was a friend of Raphael s father; some of his pictures… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Piero della Francesca — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Detalle de obra con su autorretrato Piero De Benedetto Dei Franceschi , más conocido por su sobrenombre de Piero della Francesca (Sansepolcro, 1416 1492) fue un pintor cuatrocentista italiano …   Wikipedia Español

  • Piero della Francesca — (1416 1492) fue un pintor italiano que aplico nuevos metodos al arte pictórico de su época. Al igual que hizo Mantegna en el norte de Italia, della Francesca lo hizo en el sur. Notable es El Sueño de Constantino, un magnifico fresco pintado en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Piero della Francesca — /pee air oh del euh fran ches keuh, frahn /; It. /pye rddaw del lah frddahn che skah/, (Piero de Franceschi). See Francesca, Piero della. Also called Piero. * * * born с 1420, Sansepolcro?, Republic of Florence died Oct. 12, 1492, Sansepolcro… …   Universalium

  • Piero della Francesca — /pee air oh del euh fran ches keuh, frahn /; It. /pye rddaw del lah frddahn che skah/, (Piero de Franceschi). See Francesca, Piero della. Also called Piero …   Useful english dictionary

  • Piero della Francesca — Pie•ro del•la Fran•ce•sca [[t]piˈɛər oʊ ˈdɛl ə frænˈtʃɛs kə, frɑn [/t]] n. big (Piero de Franceschi) Francesca Piero della …   From formal English to slang

  • Piero Della Francesca — Autoportrait de Piero dans un des personnages de sa Résurrection …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Piero della Francesca — A self portrait, detail from Resurrection Birth name Piero della Francesca Born 1415 (1415) …   Wikipedia

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